Dried flower is consumed through the inhalation of smoke from the combustion/burning of ground dried cannabis. This is done by rolling the dried flower into paper and then smoking; or through the use of a pipe or bong that cools the smoke before it is inhaled. The inhaled smoke contains active cannabis compounds that are absorbed through the lungs and produces effects rapidly.
Vaping involves the heating of a cannabis substance until it produces a vapour, which is then inhaled to consume the cannabinoids that are released. Because the cannabis is only heated, and not burned, very little smoke is produced from vaping. The absorption method is the same as with smoking, however, as THC is absorbed quickly through the lungs to produce effects usually within minutes.
Extract or concentrate products come in various liquid and solid forms, and can be either ingested or inhaled. These products are created using methods that isolate and extract specific compounds from the cannabis plant (cannabinoids, terpenes, etc.) The end result is a product that is highly concentrated and potent.
Edibles are consumable products that have been infused with cannabis extracts. They are available in a variety of forms including drinks, chewables and baked goods. They provide a smoke-free alternative to consuming dried cannabis. Because that are absorbed through the digestive tract, however, it can take anywhere from 30 minutes to 4 hours to see maximum effects.
Cannabis topicals include different lotions, creams, balms, and oils that have been infused with cannabis extracts. These products are applied externally to the skin, hair, or nails to produce localized effects. Because the absorption of cannabinoids through the skin and into the bloodstream is limited, the risk for intoxication from topicals is very unlikely.